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Leaked Draft Shows potential Internet Censorship in the US.

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  • Leaked Draft Shows potential Internet Censorship in the US.



    Due to the nature of this topic, the mods have free reign over this thread and can close it at any time they feel it's getting out of hand. 




    Quote





    Civil liberties groups are warning of a major threat to online freedoms and First Amendment rights if a leaked draft of a Trump administration edict—dubbed by critics as a "Censor the Internet" executive order that would give powerful federal agencies far-reaching powers to pick and choose which kind of Internet material is and is not acceptable—is allowed to go into effect.




     




    According to CNN, which obtained a copy of the draft, the new rule "calls for the FCC to develop new regulations clarifying how and when the law protects social media websites when they decide to remove or suppress content on their platforms. Although still in its early stages and subject to change, the Trump administration's draft order also calls for the Federal Trade Commission to take those new policies into account when it investigates or files lawsuits against misbehaving companies."




     




    While Politico was the first to report how the draft was being circulated by the White House, CNN notes that if put into effect, "the order would reflect a significant escalation by President Trump in his frequent attacks against social media companies over an alleged but unproven systemic bias against conservatives by technology platforms. And it could lead to a significant reinterpretation of a law that, its authors have insisted, was meant to give tech companies broad freedom to handle content as they see fit." -Common Dreams Article






    This triggers some may alarms. As private companies and all that makes the internet will be affected anyone with power.




     




    Section 230 https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/47/230 




    Quote





    (a)FindingsThe Congress finds the following:


    (1)


    The rapidly developing array of Internet and other interactive computer services available to individual Americans represent an extraordinary advance in the availability of educational and informational resources to our citizens.






    (2)


    These services offer users a great degree of control over the information that they receive, as well as the potential for even greater control in the future as technology develops.






    (3)


    The Internet and other interactive computer services offer a forum for a true diversity of political discourse, unique opportunities for cultural development, and myriad avenues for intellectual activity.






    (4)


    The Internet and other interactive computer services have flourished, to the benefit of all Americans, with a minimum of government regulation.






    (5)


    Increasingly Americans are relying on interactive media for a variety of political, educational, cultural, and entertainment services.








    (b)PolicyIt is the policy of the United States


    (1)


    to promote the continued development of the Internet and other interactive computer services and other interactive media;






    (2)


    to preserve the vibrant and competitive free market that presently exists for the Internet and other interactive computer services, unfettered by Federal or State regulation;






    (3)


    to encourage the development of technologies which maximize user control over what information is received by individuals, families, and schools who use the Internet and other interactive computer services;






    (4)


    to remove disincentives for the development and utilization of blocking and filtering technologies that empower parents to restrict their children’s access to objectionable or inappropriate online material; and






    (5)


    to ensure vigorous enforcement of Federal criminal laws to deter and punish trafficking in obscenity, stalking, and harassment by means of computer.








    (c)Protection for “Good Samaritan” blocking and screening of offensive material


    (1)Treatment of publisher or speaker



    No provider or user of an interactive computer service shall be treated as the publisher or speaker of any information provided by another information content provider.








    (2)Civil liabilityNo provider or user of an interactive computer service shall be held liable on account of—


    (A)


    any action voluntarily taken in good faith to restrict access to or availability of material that the provider or user considers to be obscene, lewd, lascivious, filthy, excessively violent, harassing, or otherwise objectionable, whether or not such material is constitutionally protected; or






    (B)


    any action taken to enable or make available to information content providers or others the technical means to restrict access to material described in paragraph (1).[1]










    (d)Obligations of interactive computer service



    A provider of interactive computer service shall, at the time of entering an agreement with a customer for the provision of interactive computer service and in a manner deemed appropriate by the provider, notify such customer that parental control protections (such as computer hardware, software, or filtering services) are commercially available that may assist the customer in limiting access to material that is harmful to minors. Such notice shall identify, or provide the customer with access to information identifying, current providers of such protections.








    (e)Effect on other laws


    (1)No effect on criminal law



    Nothing in this section shall be construed to impair the enforcement of section 223 or 231 of this title, chapter 71 (relating to obscenity) or 110 (relating to sexual exploitation of children) of title 18, or any other Federal criminal statute.








    (2)No effect on intellectual property law



    Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit or expand any law pertaining to intellectual property.








    (3)State law



    Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent any State from enforcing any State law that is consistent with this section. No cause of action may be brought and no liability may be imposed under any State or local law that is inconsistent with this section.








    (4)No effect on communications privacy law



    Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the application of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 or any of the amendments made by such Act, or any similar State law.








    (5)No effect on sex trafficking lawNothing in this section (other than subsection (c)(2)(A)) shall be construed to impair or limit—


    (A)


    any claim in a civil action brought under section 1595 of title 18, if the conduct underlying the claim constitutes a violation of section 1591 of that title;






    (B)


    any charge in a criminal prosecution brought under State law if the conduct underlying the charge would constitute a violation of section 1591 of title 18; or






    (C)


    any charge in a criminal prosecution brought under State law if the conduct underlying the charge would constitute a violation of section 2421A of title 18, and promotion or facilitation of prostitution is illegal in the jurisdiction where the defendant’s promotion or facilitation of prostitution was targeted.










    (f)DefinitionsAs used in this section:


    (1)Internet



    The term “Internet” means the international computer network of both Federal and non-Federal interoperable packet switched data networks.








    (2)Interactive computer service



    The term “interactive computer service” means any information service, system, or access software provider that provides or enables computer access by multiple users to a computer server, including specifically a service or system that provides access to the Internet and such systems operated or services offered by libraries or educational institutions.








    (3)Information content provider



    The term “information content provider” means any person or entity that is responsible, in whole or in part, for the creation or development of information provided through the Internet or any other interactive computer service.








    (4)Access software providerThe term “access software provider” means a provider of software (including client or server software), or enabling tools that do any one or more of the following:


    (A)


    filter, screen, allow, or disallow content;






    (B)


    pick, choose, analyze, or digest content; or






    (C)


    transmit, receive, display, forward, cache, search, subset, organize, reorganize, or translate content.












    ^This here is what protects you and me, from posting anything we want that is legal and sane of course. But this could go away if its added later on in this leaked draft.




     




    Opinion:




    This spells massive breach to one's freedom to do anything on the internet without being subjected to regulation that any administration could impose. This could also change how we view and interact in the internet. 




     




    Sources: 




    https://www.commondreams.org/news/20...nced-dangerous




    https://www.cnn.com/2019/08/09/tech/...ftc/index.html




    https://www.politico.com/story/2019/...orship-1639051 (First to report about it)




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